Instructions to Authors
The editorial workflow of Images Paediatr
Cardiol endeavours to produce high-quality papers with a fair and unbiased
peer-review process. Each and every manuscript must be recommended by at
least two reviewers prior to acceptance for publication in the journal,
as outlined hereunder. We must emphasise that without the help of the
editorial board and of the reviewers, the peer-review process, and hence
the journal, would be impossible to produce and publish. Hence, Images
in Paediatr Cardiol cannot but acknowledge this invaluable contribution
and stress the indispensability of this contribution to the smooth and
effective running of the journal.
The peer-review process is single blinded
such that the reviewers know who the authors of the manuscripts are, but
the authors do know who the peer-reviewers are.
The manuscript is tracked by the
editor-in-chief. Once submitted, the manuscript is reviewed by the
editor-in-chief who decides whether the manuscript is totally unsuitable
for the journal or whether the journal may be suitable for the journal
(with or without changes – and that is determined at a later stage in
the peer-review process).
If the manuscript is deemed to be of
insufficient quality or to treat an unsuitable subject, then the
manuscript is rejected straight away. Typically, such manuscripts would
include subjects that have already been well discussed in the journal
and nothing new is being offered, or the subject is too theoretical or
too detailed to be suitable for a journal whose primary aim is to
publish interesting images and animations.
If the editor-in-chief determines that
the manuscript is potentially suitable for the journal, the
editor-in-chief will review
it and will assign it to a minimum of one more clinical
The review is then revised by the
editor-in-chief and a decision is taken as to whether to recommend
acceptance pending any suggested changes that have been identified by
the review thus far, or whether the review is too bleak to proceed
further, in which case the author is contacted and informed of the
rejection. In the former case, the journal is also sent for a technical
review (with regard to the physical content, such as quality issues with
regard to the images/animations submitted and the accuracy and
compliance of the references with the journal’s format, that is, the
Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts
Submitted to Biomedical Journals).
The full review is then emailed to the
authors who may decide to drop the submission, or to comply with the
suggested changes. The authors are then expected to return the
manuscript, with the suggested changes, along with a covering letter
outlining said changes, within a reasonable period of time (up to
approximately two months unless any extenuating circumstances present
Only the editor-in-chief will re-review
the resubmitted manuscript to determine whether the changes suggested by
the review have been effected, and once the editor-in-chief is satisfied
with the final version of the manuscript, then the manuscript is
accepted and processed for the purposes of publication. If the editor is
unhappy with the changes, the authors may be contacted directly with any
problems that may have been encountered within the resubmitted manuscript,
and once any outstanding issues are settled, then the manuscript is
accepted and processed for the purposes of publication.
The journal has always been free to access, online, to all, without
registration. To date (2012), the journal costs have been borne by the
editor. Since the journal is now converted to PubMed Central XML in
order to be published in PubMed Central, there is an additional cost
that cannot be borne by the editor. These publishing costs will now be
paid by author/s and once a paper is accepted for publication, the
author/s will be
charged a flat fee of €150
they will be invoiced via PayPal. This is a nominal amount when compared
to the hundreds of dollars that other open-access journals are charging
as these fees will only be used to cover costs. The journal will not
publish papers without such payment being effected. Reductions will be
considered in exceptional circumstances.
The Journal is international in scope, and
accepts contributions from any country. Submissions are classified
under the following categories:
Submissions should not duplicate material
already illustrated in the Journal. Prospective authors are encouraged
to enquire as to suitability of material that they wish to potentially
submit to the Journal (email
Prof. Grech). The
desiderata may be helpful. Images may be submitted as:
- Reviews of specific topics.
- Original articles.
- Case reports.
- Brief Images.
- Letters to the editor.
- High resolution digital images
acquired from scanned hard copies or as direct digital output.
Any manipulation of the original image/s, digital or otherwise,
must be stated clearly by the authors. Images embedded in common
software files, e.g. PowerPoint or Word, will also be accepted.
All images should be provided with a caption.
- Video clips/animations/DICOM
files i.e. digital format.
- The Journal will not be held
responsible for loss to or damage of material submitted to the
- Submissions should be
forwarded electronically (email
Prof. Grech). Images may sent in any standard format (gif, jpeg, pcx, avi, mov
- Email should not be used for
submission of large files - please send a download link to a sever
such as Dropbox etc.
- All submissions will be acknowledged
by email within 48 hours. If not, please contact the editor (email
- Alternatively mail on flash or
Prof. Victor Grech
Images in Paediatric Cardiology
Mater Dei Hospital
Msida MSD 2090 - MALTA.
- Images and tables should be
accompanied by a suitable caption.
- Authors are encouraged to submit a
sketch or photocopy or digital outline indicating specific areas of
interest, and suggested annotations. Formal annotation should
ideally be carried out by the Journal at the processing stage, in
the interest of uniformity.
- Hard copies are not required.
- The manuscript should be arranged
conventionally (IMRAD format):
- Title page containing:
- Authors’ names (including
full first and middle names and qualifications)
- The name/s of the
institution/s at which the work originated
- The full name and exact
mailing address, telephone, fax and e-mail numbers of the
author to whom communication should be sent
- Key words: up to 6 for
indexing purposes. These should be medical subject headings
(MeSH) found in Medline.
- Abstract: up to 250 words, in
structured format using these three headings: Background,
- Results: exact p values should
be quoted, where appropriate, as well as 95% confidence limits.
- References should appear in
the Uniform Requirements for
Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (see below for
examples), and should be numbered and
arranged sequentially as they appear in the text. All authors
should be included, along with complete page numbers. The
authors will be responsible for accuracy of citations.
References in text should be cited in Arabic numerals in
superscript, after any punctuation, and not before i.e.:
"In our first review,1 we emphasised the phenotypic
feature of the type of ventricular septal defect which is
defined as being perimembranous within the classification now
established by the Association for European Paediatric
Cardiology.2-3" Do not send in manuscripts with
references as footnotes, endnotes or other field-type formats,
such as those created by Reference Manager etc.
- Figure legends and figures.
Example of a journal article
Baraitser M, Hughes DT, Saldana-Garcia P, Taylor JF. Absent
right atrioventricular connection and double-inlet ventricle due
to an unbalanced familial 8:13 chromosome translocation: a
cautionary tale. Pediatr Cardiol 1984;5:55-59
|Example of a
||Anderson RH, Macartney FJ,
Shinebourne EA, Tynan M. Paediatric Cardiology. Edinburgh;
Churchill Livingstone, 1987
|Example of a
||Gersony WM. The cardiovascular
system. In: Behrman RE, Kleigman RM, Nelson WE, Vaughan VC, ed.
Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics.Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1992;
More details with regard to the Uniform
Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals format are available at many
locations on the web.
- Brevity overall is encouraged. Lists
in point form and tables are most welcome. Contributions must be
written in standard grammatical English. Spelling may be English-UK
or English-US, and must be consistent throughout the text.
- All contributions may be subject to
copy editing, and may be returned to the author/s for review or
clarification prior to publication.
- Photographs of patient/s where
individuals are recognisable must be accompanied by written
permission from the patient/s and/or guardians to display such
and use this consent form.
- An accompanying letter, signed by
all author/s must state:
First authors will be sent a PDF copy of
their published paper from which hard copies may be printed.
- Title of contribution
- Author name/s and affiliation/s
- Institution to which work is to
- Corresponding author and contact
address. An email contact address must be available to
facilitate and speed communication, and will allow the Journal to
confirm promptly the safe receipt of submissions.
- Names and contact addresses of
three suitable referees.
- A statement to the effect that
the submitted material has not been previously published, and
that the data in the manuscript have been reviewed by all
authors, who agree with the analysis and conclusions.
Statements in articles are the responsibility of the authors.
- The author/s will transfer
copyright of material submitted to the Journal, and the
accompanying letter should state: “The undersigned author(s)
transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript [title of
article] to Images in Paediatric Cardiology, in
the event the work is published. The undersigned warrant(s) that
the article is original, does not infringe upon any copyright or
other proprietary right of any third party, is not under
consideration by another journal, and has not been published
previously”. However, the Journal recognises the rights of the
authors to copy material published in the Journal for their own
use, and the right to use any part of said material in a printed
compilation of works of their own.
- Authors must inform us of
funding sources (if any) for manuscripts that they have
submitted for review. We must also know of any associations that
might be construed as a conflict of interest (stock ownership,
Submissions in this category are particularly welcome. Such submissions
should not exceed 700 words of text, need an abstract (using these three
headings: Background, Results, Conclusions), should not exceed
five references, and may contain any number of illustrations/animations.
Letters to the editor may be
submitted. These should not exceed 400 words, should have a maximum of
five references, and may deal with:
- Articles published in the
Journal in the preceding issues. One of the references should
naturally relate to the Journal article in question.
- Observations or findings too
limited in scope to be submitted as a full article or as a case
- Material will be sent on to editors
or referees for review.
- Digital processing by the Journal
may include image manipulation, such as cropping and annotation.
- The Journal reserves the right to
group submissions under broad categories.
- The Journal will be published
formally, on-line, on a quarterly basis. This will allow citation by
authors and readers. Authors will be informed of their paper's full
citation when the relevant issue is published.